A CONCEPTUAL DESIGN OF WASTE MANAGEMENT: SMART BIN DEPLOYMENT IN SURABAYA SMART CITY
Waste has been always considered a notable issue in urban dwelling. The number of wastes produced by urban citizens grows ever larger including in the big cities in Indonesia. Surabaya can produce a big amount of waste around 9.896 metric cubic each day by which it is higher compare to Jakarta. Owing to the people’s habit of waste treatment, yet the implementation of 3R (Reduce, Reuse, Recycle) concepts is still far from the expectation. Moreover, waste selection and sorting are yet not performed properly at the lowest level. This study aims to propose a conceptual design of a smart waste bin that connected through the IoT systems. Thus, it can be monitored remotely and may assist the truck to pick up the fully loaded waste bin. The study employs a qualitative approach to build the conceptual model of which divided into three steps: 1) collecting and categorizing the data, 2) indentifiying concepts, 3) establishing the concept model. A case study of Surabaya district is provided to show the practical usage of the proposed framework. Herein, the map of Surabaya is divided spatially into 31 districts and the data of waste, which is generated randomly, then projected into the corresponding district. The proposed concept appears to be useful as a basis of waste management systems and has flexibility for which it would provide a significant implication for those cities that implementing a smart city project. As a preliminary study, this research possesses a limitation to the fact that there is no evidence of the versatility and the verification of the concept. This study offers a conceptual design of a smart waste bin that can be deployed in the urban city. By means of spatial analysis, policymakers possess an extensive point of view in accordance with environmental trends that are not readily apparent in raw data.
waste management, IoT, smart bin, urban living, spatial analysis.