EFFECTS OF WELDING CURRENT AND SPEED ON RESIDUAL STRESS AND DISTORTION OF JOINING ST52 ROLLED PLATE IN DIFFERENT WELDING SEQUENCES
Welding is a process of permanent joining parts by different welding methods. Residual stress and distortion are the most common phenomena of this process. Reduction of the residual stresses, distortion and improving the quality of welding are the important subjects of this field. Determining and analyzing the residual stresses and distortion is the main step for these purposes. Welding sequences, speed and current are the most effective parameters of this process. In this study, effects of welding parameters such as welding speed and current, in order to reduce residual stress and distortion of welding ST52 rolled plate in different welding sequences have been studied with three-dimensional thermo-mechanical finite element model by means of ANSYS APDL. By comparing different considered situations, the most efficient welding methods with the least residual stress and distortion by considering different welding sequences have been suggested. It obtains that welding the ST52 rolled plate from edge to edge with higher current and lower speed is the best option in fatigue and load-bearing situations, and welding from the center to both sides simultaneously with lower current and higher speed is the best option for assembly problems.
ST52 Rolled Plate, Residual Stress, Distortion, ANSYS APDL, Finite Element Method