EDITORIAL BOARD
Editor in Chief

ASSOC. PROF. IR. DR. NURIANI ABDUL AZIZ
Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering
Faculty of Engineering Universiti Putra Malaysia
43400 Serdang, Selangor,Malaysia

Managing Editor

DR. ALIAS B. MOHD
Pusat Pengajian Siswazah
Tati University College (TATIUC)
Teluk Kalong, Kemaman 24000, Terengganu Malaysia

Associate Editor

ASSOCIATE PROF. DR. SAIFUL BAHRI BIN MOHAMED
Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin,
Kuala Terengganu Terengganu, Malaysia

DR. AHMAD NASER BIN MOHD ROSE
Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Pekan
Pahang, Malaysia

ASSISTANT PROFESSOR DR. DAPENG GAO
Institute of Mechanics of the Chinese
Academy of Sciences Beijing, China

Editorial Board Members

ENGR. PROF. MIKE A. ACHEAMPONG
Dean, Faculty of Engineering & Technology
Kumasi Technical University Kumasi-Ghana

PROF. IR. DR RIZAL BIN SULAIMAN
Faculty of Information Science & Technology
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

ASSOCIATE PROF. DR KUMARAN A/L KADIRGAMA
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Universiti Malaysia Pahang

DR WAN AHMAD YUSMAWIZA BIN WAN YUSSOFF
University of Hail Industrial
Engineering Department,College of Engineering
University of Hail, Saudi Arabia

DR DEVARAJAN A/L RAMASAMY
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Universiti Malaysia Pahang

MOHAMAD JURAIDI JAMAL
Mechanical & Manufacturing Sect
Universiti Kuala Lumpur Malaysia France Institute

DR. ASEEL MAHMOOD JAWAD
Ph.D in Medicine, Surgury Department
College of Medicine Iraq

DR. NAGHAM MAHMOOD ALJAMALI
Ph.D, Professor in Organic Chemistry
Department of Chemistry
College of Education Iraq

DR. SAHER MAHMOOD JAWAD
Ph.D in Biology, Dep. Biology
Professor, College of Education, Iraq

DISTINGUISHED PROF. T M INDRA MAHLIA
Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology,
University of Technology Sydney,
NSW 2007, Australia.

DR HOANG ANH TUAN
Vice Dean, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Ho Chi Minh city University of Transport
Binh Thanh District, Ho Chi Minh city, Vietnam

DR HAWA HISHAMUDDIN
left for Materials Engineering and
Smart Manufacturing (MERCU)

Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)
Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

Dr Md. Mizanur Rahman
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Sabah,
Sabah, Malaysia

Dr. Mahros Darsin
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
University of Jember, Jember 68121, Indonesia

Dr. Mostafa Omidi Bidgoli
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Badroud Branch, Azad University
Isfahan,Iran

Dr. Oday Abdullah
College of Engineering
University of Baghdad, Iraq
& Hamburg University of Technology, Germany.

Dr. Nguyen Viet Duc
Thuyloi University
175 Tay Son, Dong Da, Hanoi, Vietnam

Dr. Manoj Kumar Gupta
Mechanical Engineering Department
M. N. N. I. T. Allahabad, India

Dr Hussein Togun
Biomedical Engineering Department
University of Thi-Qar, 64001 Nassiriya, Iraq

Dr Hakim S. Sultan Aljibori
College of Engineering
University of Warith Al-anbiyaa Karbalaa, Iraq

Dr. Mohsin Abdullah Al-Shammari
University of Baghdad
College of Engineering
Department of Mechanical Engineering